Free Interactive Report
Affordable and Clean Energy in the US
By 2030, UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, Affordable and Clean Energy, aims to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. This includes decreasing reliance on fossil fuels, addressing the cost of electricity, increasing the use of renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, and investing in technology and infrastructure to support the clean energy transition.
The US makes up just 4% of the world’s population but consumes 16% of its energy and emits 15% of global energy-related CO2 emissions. Nearly 40% of energy produced in the US goes to generating electricity. In 2020, nearly 20% of the electricity produced from power plants in the US came from renewables (8% from wind, 7% from hydro, and 2% from solar). One in 3 Americans lives in a city or state that has pledged to reach 100% clean electricity.
In addition to increasing the use of clean energy, the US must also improve the accessibility of energy - especially through addressing the issue of affordability. Access to energy is a strong driver of a country's growth and development, however nearly 1/3 of US households have trouble paying their energy bill or maintaining sufficient heating and cooling. Electricity allows us to refrigerate food and medicine, light and heat our homes, schools, and hospitals. Other types of energy allow us to drive cars or use public transportation.
Use the tool below to view water-related indicators nationally or by state, as well as an overview of the more than 5,200 nonprofits organizations that work on addressing related issues in the US. You can also discover 133 products and services in our Tech for Good Directory related to renewable energy, fossil fuels, carbon emissions, energy efficiency and other key areas of clean energy.
Energy Source for Electricity Production
Interactive Chart Sources:
- Average monthly electricity bill: GC Insights analysis and classification of US Census Bureau 2020 data.
- Energy sources for electricity generation: GC Insights analysis of US Energy Information Administration (EIA) 2002 to 2020.
- Customers served by utility providers: GC Insights analysis of US Energy Information Administration (EIA)
- Nonprofit-related data: GC Insights analysis of over one million forms 990 filed with the Internal Revenue Service -IRS 2018-2021
- EIA – Electricity in the US
- EIA – US Energy Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions
- EIA – Use of energy explained Energy use for transportation
- EIA – Electricity explained: Factors affecting electricity prices
- EIA – Renewable energy explained
- EIA – Utility Providers
- EPA – Energy and the Environment
- EPA – US Electricity System
- EPA – Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions
- NPR – 31 Percent Of US Households Have Trouble Paying Energy Bills
- NWF – Reducing Fossil Fuel Reliance
- University of Michigan – US Energy System Fact Sheet 2021
- UN SDG Tracker – SDG 7
- WRI – 10 Charts Show the Economic Benefits of US Climate Action
- WRI – How Wind Turbines Are Providing a Safety Net for Rural Farmers