Adapting Immunotherapy and Gene Editing Based Strategies for Target...
Companion to R01 (RFA-MH-21-225). The shock and kill strategy is one of the commonly used approaches for targeting latent reservoirs in hopes to cure HIV-1. It is based on the concept of purposely inducing reactivation of latent reservoirs in ART (antiretroviral therapy)-treated individuals by using stimulatory agents. However, it has become increasingly evident that attempts at elimination of HIV-1 reservoirs through latency reactivating agents (LRA) -mediated reactivation alone may not be sufficient. Novel strategies such as immunotherapy and gene excision therapies to optimize the recognition and elimination of reservoir cells such are being conceptualized and researched. Immunotherapy strategies like therapeutic vaccines to enhance HIV-1-specific CTL (cytotoxic T-cell) response, Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cells (CAR-T cells) therapies, broadly neutralizing antibodies, dual-affinity retargeting antibodies that not only bind to HIV-1 viral envelope antigen but also activate the C...
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