In a 2017 study from the International Union for the Conservation of Nature found that 95% of plastic in the ocean comes from land: 1) Plastic flows in rivers from land to sea, in the runoff from highly populated coastal cities. 2) Maritime activities, such as fishing and shipping.
Biodiversity is essential to healthy and functional ecosystems across the globe and a critical resource for food, clothing, and shelter. Because of deforestation, climate change, and human pollution, the threat of a sixth mass extinction is accelerating, leaving over 500 species at risk.
Between 8 and 12 million tons of plastic enter the ocean annually. debris, toxic chemicals and vast amounts of microscopic particles. Micro-plastics get broken down further into even smaller microscopic particles. Nano plastics is when it turns into a gel or chemical and is found in large quantities in the ocean along our coasts and shores, particularly in harbors from cities and industrial areas.
The majority of the pollution in the Puget Sound region is caused by a rainwater runoff, totaling 14 million pounds of toxins entering the Puget Sound water each year. In order to preserve and restore the clean air, water, and natural areas that make Washington a great place to live, it is necessary to solve the issue of runoff rainwater.
It’s been 10 years since the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster, and new research shows that worst oil spill in U.S. history was 30% larger than previously estimated. Oceana released a new report examining the cause and impacts of the catastrophe; how those impacts are still being felt today, and whether the disaster changed the government and industry’s approach to offshore drilling.
Across all major industrial fishing sectors, overfishing due to overcapacity and lack of compliance in fishery governance has led to a decline in biomass of many global fish stocks. Overfishing threatens ocean biodiversity, global food security, and the livelihoods of law-abiding fishermen. These factors, combined, have a negative effect on the well-being of coastal communities.
In a manual world, wildlife protection is a full-time 24-7 operation. Park rangers in countries across the world must be alert to combat illegal poaching at any time of day or night, especially when it comes to endangered species. But not only is this an inefficient and tough job, it is also potentially life-threatening. On average, 2 rangers are killed worldwide every week. This must end.
Many health and beauty products used to contain tiny plastic particles called microbeads. Microbeads, a type of microplastic, are very tiny pieces of manufactured polyethylene plastic that are added as exfoliants to health and beauty products, such as some cleansers and toothpastes. These tiny particles pass through water filtration systems and end up in the ocean, posing a threat to aquatic life.
It is important that women investigate the connection of highly toxic chemicals in the ocean and health because past studies have primarily focused on how they specifically affect men’s health. It is especially important to study the effects of highly toxic chemical exposure on pregnancy and women’s bodies.
New England groundfish fisheries face various funding constraints with a lack of available financing and potentially fundable initiatives.