Agriculture is central to human civilization but needs to be practiced in a sustainable way so as to meet the food and textile needs of the present without comprising the ability of the future generations to meet theirs. Farming sustainably is needed not only to ensure the health of our planet, but also human and societal health, peace and prosperity.
With the effects of global warming being felt world wide, extreme weather and natural disasters are effecting communities that have previously been considered safe. Being proactive about creating sustainable solutions and protections for natural disaster in all communities could save lives and millions of dollars in the long run.
Biodiversity is essential to healthy and functional ecosystems across the globe and a critical resource for food, clothing, and shelter. Because of deforestation, climate change, and human pollution, the threat of a sixth mass extinction is accelerating, leaving over 500 species at risk.
In a manual world, wildlife protection is a full-time 24-7 operation. Park rangers in countries across the world must be alert to combat illegal poaching at any time of day or night, especially when it comes to endangered species. But not only is this an inefficient and tough job, it is also potentially life-threatening. On average, 2 rangers are killed worldwide every week. This must end.
Camera traps can't yet automatically label the species they observe. It takes the valuable time of experts, or thousands of citizen scientists, to label this data. Advances in artificial intelligence and computer vision hold enormous promise for taking on intensive video processing work and freeing up more time for humans to focus on interpreting the content and using the results.
We must protect 30% of lands by 2030 to fight the climate and extinction crisis. Protecting wild places will keep drilling and logging from dumping pollution into the air, sequester emissions, provide protection from extreme weather, homes for wildlife, and opportunities for people to enjoy the outdoors together.
Wildlife Conservation requires constant monitoring of large areas. This is both labor-intensive and imprecise. With the surge in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or "drones," we have both the opportunity to increase the reach and the efficiency of monitoring efforts. Furthermore, we can leverage the installed base of devices in the hands of hobbyists.
Studying how animals adapt to human habitats also yields information for conservation efforts and helps to soften the environmental impact of parks, housing, roads and waterways. These types of construction can even enhance biodiversity and encourage species to colonize urban areas by creating ecological corridors and networks to circumvent obstacles, thereby providing favorable habitats.
Farming is a huge sector in growing communities' economies, but making a living from it is incredibly hard: it takes 15 liters of milk a day to get a family over the poverty line, but few smallholders can manage to eek out more than just 5 liters from their herd.
To the extent that trees can remain in the built environment, residents of urban areas experience significant benefits both from urban street trees as well as larger forested areas.