Poverty in the US

Poverty in the US in Context:

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The Negative Effects of Poverty in the US:

Some Key Poverty Indicators and Measurements of Progress:

Who benefits from addressing poverty-related issues in the US?

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The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 1, No Poverty, aims to eradicate extreme poverty and reduce the proportion of people living below a country’s national poverty line by at least half. Globally, extreme poverty is defined as living on less than $1.90 per day. In the U.S., the poverty line for a single-person household is approximately $35 per day. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 1, No Poverty, aims to eradicate extreme poverty and reduce the proportion of people living below a country’s national poverty line by at least half. Globally, extreme poverty is defined as living on less than $1.90 per day. In the U.S., the poverty line for a single-person household is $12,760; however, over 1% of Americans qualify under the extreme poverty threshold. Extreme poverty in the United States Extreme poverty is defined by the International Poverty Line as $1.90 per day. As of 2018, over 3.9 million people in the U.S. live in extreme poverty. (World Bank) > The national poverty line in the U.S. for a single-person household is $12,760 per year. As of 2019, 34 million people fall below this line. Poverty in the U.S. can be linked with a range of other issues. Poor people frequently face challenges with affording housing, food, childcare, health care, and education. Employment Both the availability of jobs and the wages paid at those jobs are important factors influencing a person’s ability to reach and stay above the poverty threshold. Food Insecurity Experiencing poverty can make affording food and particularly fresh food difficult. This only increases with the number of people in a household. In the U.S. 11% of households are considered food insecure (X4Impact-USAFacts). Homelessness As of data from 2020, there are currently 556,000 people experiencing homelessness in the US (X4Impact-USAFacts). In 2018, 6.5 million Americans experienced a severe housing cost burden, which means they spent more than 50% of their income on housing (National Alliance to End Homelessness) COVID-19 and Poverty in the US In 2020 the Coronavirus pandemic compounded existing challenges people living in poverty face and threatened to push many more below the national poverty line. Between February 2020 and May 2020, an estimated 14% of working Americans lost their jobs because of the economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic (Urban Insititute) The unemployment rate jumped from 3.5% in February to over 19% in April (Urban Insititute) This interactive report is continuously updated and it is free thanks to X4Impact Founding Partners. The report highlights some selected poverty-related indicators. You can view poverty rate statistics nationally, or by state. It includes statistics related to food insecurity, homelessness, and the more than 60,000 nonprofits organizations that work on addressing poverty-related issues in the US. It’s estimated that 250,000 people die of poverty and inequality every year (Poor Peoples Campaign). According to the UC Berkeley Labor Center, public assistance programs spend $153 billion a year as a direct result of low wages. * The proportion of the population living below the international poverty line and the proportion of the population living below the national poverty line – by sex, age, employment status, and geographical location (urban/rural) (SDG Tracker) * The proportion of the population that is covered by social protection floors/systems such as pensions, social security, and health insurance benefits. (SDG Tracker) * The proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health, and social protection) (SDG Tracker) * The sum of total grants and non-debt-creating inflows directly allocated to poverty reduction programs as a proportion of GDP (SDG Tracker) Over 35M people in the US benefit from addressing this problem. Technology solutions created to help to address some issues related to poverty and extreme poverty would benefit: * Foodbanks and Food pantries * Homeless Shelters and Temporary Housing organizations * Food assistance programs * House Affordability Programs * Healthcare affordability programs and organizations * Decent work and economic growth related programs and organizations Sources: * Food Insecurity:Household Food Security in the United States in 2019, ERR-275, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. * Homelessness: United States Interagency Council on Homelessness – 2020 * Poverty: X4Impact analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data, and US Census Bureau * Nonprofit-related data: X4Impact analysis of over 600,000 forms 990 filed with the Internal Revenue Service -IRS 2018-2020 * Private Investing data: X4Impact analysis of over 25,000 forms D filed with the Security and Exchange Commission -SEC 2019-2021 * Private and Government Grants: X4Impact 2021 Other sources: * Our World In Data: Distribution of population between different poverty thresholds, United States 1986 to 2016 * Our World In Data: Share of the population living in extreme poverty, 1979 to 2016 * SDG Tracker: No Poverty * World Bank Development Indicators * https://www.urban.org/research/publication/2020-poverty-projections * https://www.poorpeoplescampaign.org/resource/costs-of-poverty-fact-sheet/ * https://laborcenter.berkeley.edu/the-high-public-cost-of-low-wages/ INTERACTIVE REPORTS

Our World In Data: Distribution of population between different poverty thresholds, United States 1986 to 2016Our World In Data: Share of the population living in extreme poverty, 1979 to 2016SDG Tracker: No PovertyWorld Bank Development Indicatorshttps://www.urban.org/research/publication/2020-poverty-projectionshttps://www.poorpeoplescampaign.org/resource/costs-of-poverty-fact-sheet/https://laborcenter.berkeley.edu/the-high-public-cost-of-low-wages/INTERACTIVE REPORTS

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