Free Interactive Report
Reduced Inequalities in the US
UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 10, Reduced Inequalities, aims to reduce inequality within and among countries by 2030. This includes reducing income inequality and promoting universal social, political, and economic inclusion. It also means adopting legislation and policies that protect people from discrimination and ensuring equal opportunity for resources like housing and employment.
The US has the highest level of income inequality of countries with similar economies.
Inequality in the US goes beyond just income, and is often interlinked with discrimination and lack of social, political, and economic inclusion based on personal characteristics. For example, 1 in 4 LGBTQA+ people report experiencing discrimination in the US. These exclusions result in far reaching consequences for a person's financial and personal wellbeing - from lack of education and work opportunities, to unequal personal wealth, pay gaps, and challenges accessing medical or other social services. Older workers, migrants and refugees, women, minorities, and people with disabilities are particularly impacted by these inequalities.
Use the tool below to view inequality-related indicators nationally or by state, as well as an overview of the more than 31,400 nonprofits organizations that work on addressing related issues in the US. You can also discover 570 products and services in our Tech for Good Directory related to immigration, bias and discrimination, income inequality and other key areas of diversity and inclusion.
This interactive report is continuously updated and it is free thanks to X4Impact Founding Partners.
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Income inequality (poverty disparity by group)
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* Public Accommodations are government and private entities that offer goods and services to the general public such as courthouses, libraries, post offices, restaurants, hotels, and theaters.
** These states investigate discrimination complaints based on the Bostock Rationale (from the Supreme Court Case Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia) that sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination are prohibited under federal sex-based employment protections.
*** The EEOC (US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person’s race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, transgender status, and sexual orientation), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.
Interactive Chart Sources:
- State Public Accommodation Non-Discrimination Laws: X4Impact analysis of Human Rights Campaign State Equality Index 2020.
- Percent of People Living Below the Poverty Line: X4Impact analysis of US Census and US Department of Commerce Business Formation Statistics 2004-2020.
- Equal Employment Opportunity Charges (Violations): X4Impact analysis of US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 2009 – 2020 and Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020.
- Nonprofit-related data: X4Impact analysis of over 600,000 forms 990 filed with the Internal Revenue Service -IRS 2018-2020
- ProPublica and the Urban Institute – If You’re Over 50, Chances Are the Decision to Leave a Job Won’t be Yours
- New York Times – New Evidence of Age Bias in Hiring, and a Push to Fight It
- Forbes – How Much Money America’s Billionaires Have Made During The Covid-19 Pandemic
- Council on Foreign Relations – The US Inequality Debate
- Economic Policy Institute – CEO compensation surged 14% in 2019 to $21.3 million
- Economic Policy Institute – Racial disparities in income and poverty remain largely unchanged amid strong income growth in 2019
- Pew Research – Income Inequality in the US Is Rising Most Rapidly Among Asians
- Vox – Center for Public Integrity Workplace Discrimination
- GLAAD – Most Americans believe LGBTQ people are legally protected from discrimination. They're not.
- McKinsey – The economic impact of closing the racial wealth gap
- CBS – Rand Cost of Inequality Report
- Economic Policy Institute – Inequality is Slowing US Economic Growth
- Freedom for All Americans – LGBTQ Americans Aren’t Fully Protected From Discrimination in 29 States
- SDG Tracker – SDG 10
- NPR – Citigroup Cost of Racism
- Philanthropy News Digest – World's Richest 1 Percent Own Twice as Much as Bottom 90 Percent
- Center for American Progress – Widespread LGBT Discrimination