Design New Approaches to Optimize Immunization Systems
Increasing costs of vaccine are driving the need to modify vaccine presentations. With the introduction of these new vaccines, countries are facing new challenges—both in delivering these vaccines and in ensuring immunization programs reach new target populations. In 2010, a quarter of a million doses of pentavalent vaccine, costing nearly $1M USD, expired in one country’s central store because the system charged with delivering these vaccines was not yet ready to manage it. Another country was forced to delay its plans to introduce new vaccines because adding the new vaccine into the immunization program required a nine-fold expansion of the national storage system. Hence, low- and middle-income countries must find new ways to improve the logistics of national immunization programs to address the increasing burden facing their supply systems.