Oil Pollution Primarily Caused by Consumer Actions
Nearly half of the estimated 1 million tons of oil that makes its way into marine environments each year comes not from tanker spills but from land-based sources such as factories, farms, cities and individual cars and trucks. Tanker spills account for only about 10 percent of the oil in waters around the world, while regular operations of the shipping industry—through both legal and illegal discharges—contribute about one-third.
Though this occurs around the globe and in all states, those states primarily impacted by land-based oil spills in 2019 were CA, TX, LA, VA, WV, NJ, NY and MA.
Destruction of marine life and ecosystems
Direct and indirect effects on air and land systems
Harm to lands and non-coastal waterways
Natural Resources Defense Council - https://www.nrdc.org/stories/water-pollution-everything-you-need-know
Giving Tech Labs Team - giving.tech