Challenge

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Residential Segregation and Inequality in Educational Attainment

Segregation effects are estimated by contrasting educational outcomes among persons raised in metropolitan areas with varying levels of segregation, allowing for evaluation of gains and losses across different groups.
30M
People Impacted
$ 381B
Potential Funding
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the problem
Nature and Context

Poor–nonpoor segregation is associated with lower rates of high school graduation among adolescents from poor backgrounds, but has no effect on rates of graduation for students from nonpoor backgrounds. Black–white segregation is associated with lower rates of high school graduation and college graduation for black students, but has no effect on graduation rates for white students. Use of proximity-adjusted segregation measures or instrumental variable estimation gives similar results. The results suggest that residential segregation harms the educational attainment of disadvantaged groups without increasing the educational attainment of advantaged groups.

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