Challenge

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Inequality in Infant Mortality and Disparities of a mother's education

Studies reveal evidence of dramatic cross-state differences in the association between maternal education and infant mortality rates. In some states, infants born to mothers with less than 12?years of schooling are more than twice as likely to die as infants of mothers with 4?years of college or more. Other states see far more equality between these groups.
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Nature and Context

Two components of state medical systems are predicted to be associated with this variation in the magnitude of inequalities in infant mortality: neonatal intensive care units and primary care physician supply. More widespread availability of neonatal intensive care is associated with reduced inequalities in infant mortality. In contrast, the supply of primary care is linked to slightly larger differences in infant mortality between mothers with low and high education. i

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