The increased imposition of long and life sentences has caused growth in the jail and prison population over time, despite decreases in crime rates, and is an ineffective mechanism for producing public safety. Longer lengths of stay exacerbate existing social inequities in the administration of criminal justice, and incurs significant costs to the state without adequately deterring crime.
In the US, 83% of released state prisoners are arrested for a new offense at least once after their initial release. The justice system is failing people while incarcerated, and even more so with the complicated bureaucratic hoops they must jump through after their release.
High rates of drop-out, failure, and underperformance, especially among minority and low-income students, are testimony to the way school systems can fail those it should be lifting up. What are the key indicators we should track to ensure we progress towards equity and equality in education?
While Investing apps were created to democratize access to banking and investing, the lack of financial literacy, paired with gamification of investing, anchored on behavioral psychology nudges is creating serious mental health, financial and social issues across vulnerable populations in the US.
There is a widespread concern that automated decision-making systems, as they have become increasingly ubiquitous, can widen social inequalities and systematize discrimination. Thus, defining, measuring, and optimizing algorithmic fairness is on the rise in recent years.
Audio description (AD), an additional narration track that conveys essential visual information in media work, is imperative for improving video accessibility for 12 million people who are blind or visually impaired. Over 100,000 videos are uploaded every day, and the vast majority are not audio described. Current methods for producing audio descriptions are both slow and expensive.
In order to meet SDG 5 - Gender Equality - by 2030 we must empower all women and girls to live life to the fullest. This can only be accomplished by ensuring women and girls have equal access to all parts of society - from education, health care, and decent work opportunities, to representation in political and economic decision-making.
In order to meet SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being - by 2030, we must promote healthy lifestyles, preventive measures, and modern, efficient healthcare for everyone. This includes addressing mental health, communicable and non-communicable diseases, access to services, and more.
Private philanthropy is on a collision course with democracy. Without intervention, billionaire philanthropists will soon be shaping public policy in competition with local and state governments, which will be facing austerity conditions in the wake of a resurgent Covid-19 pandemic.
Without neighborhood businesses and local hiring, community and household wealth cannot grow in a self-sustaining way and contribute to the overall population and household wealth. Historically, there is a lack of participation in traditional financial institutions in Black communities.