The increased imposition of long and life sentences has caused growth in the jail and prison population over time, despite decreases in crime rates, and is an ineffective mechanism for producing public safety. Longer lengths of stay exacerbate existing social inequities in the administration of criminal justice, and incurs significant costs to the state without adequately deterring crime.
In the US, 83% of released state prisoners are arrested for a new offense at least once after their initial release. The justice system is failing people while incarcerated, and even more so with the complicated bureaucratic hoops they must jump through after their release.
High rates of drop-out, failure, and underperformance, especially among minority and low-income students, are testimony to the way school systems can fail those it should be lifting up. What are the key indicators we should track to ensure we progress towards equity and equality in education?
While Investing apps were created to democratize access to banking and investing, the lack of financial literacy, paired with gamification of investing, anchored on behavioral psychology nudges is creating serious mental health, financial and social issues across vulnerable populations in the US.
There is a widespread concern that automated decision-making systems, as they have become increasingly ubiquitous, can widen social inequalities and systematize discrimination. Thus, defining, measuring, and optimizing algorithmic fairness is on the rise in recent years.
Without neighborhood businesses and local hiring, community and household wealth cannot grow in a self-sustaining way and contribute to the overall population and household wealth. Historically, there is a lack of participation in traditional financial institutions in Black communities.
Connectivity in the home is essential for all families if they are to fully participate in the digital society, and that connectivity equals opportunity.
Globally, we – governments, private sector, families, individuals – spend more than $5.6 trillion a year on education and training. Countries spend 5 percent of GDP on education or 20 percent of their national budget. Education employs about five percent of the labor force. Global average cost per child for full course of schooling, including pre-primary education is 5,806.6 USD.
Access to formal financial services, or being financially included, allows individuals the opportunity to plan, save, and stabilize their financial lives. Mobile Money is one way to bring financial security to many, however, with nuanced characteristics in each country and distinct financial systems and economy, mobile money adoption and usage is varied.
Of the 45 million people worldwide who are blind or visually impaired, 80% live in developing countries. People with disabilities miss out on education and employment opportunities, are more at risk of violence, and face daily discrimination. We must ensure all people have the chance to fully engage in society, regardless of their abilities.