In the US, 83% of released state prisoners are arrested for a new offense at least once after their initial release. The justice system is failing people while incarcerated, and even more so with the complicated bureaucratic hoops they must jump through after their release.
The increased imposition of long and life sentences has caused growth in the jail and prison population over time, despite decreases in crime
rates, and is an ineffective mechanism for producing public safety. Longer lengths of stay exacerbate existing social inequities in the administration of criminal justice, and incurs significant costs to the state without adequately deterring crime.
High rates of drop-out, failure, and underperformance, especially among minority and low-income students, are testimony to the way school systems can fail those it should be lifting up. What are the key indicators we should track to ensure we progress towards equity and equality in education?
While Investing apps were created to democratize access to banking and investing, the lack of financial literacy, paired with gamification of investing, anchored on behavioral psychology nudges is creating serious mental health, financial and social issues across vulnerable populations in the US.
There is a widespread concern that automated decision-making systems, as they have become increasingly ubiquitous, can widen social inequalities and systematize discrimination. Thus, defining, measuring, and optimizing algorithmic fairness is on the rise in recent years.
Computer Science in K-12 schools is often viewed as a 'nice to have' rather than a 'must-have'. Recent calls for mandatory computer science in schools have had to contend with the limited resources and time available during the school day and must be weighed against the importance of having students pass state tests for algebra.
It has been common practice in the United States to make felons ineligible to vote, in some cases permanently. Over the last few decades, the general trend has been toward reinstating the right to vote at some point, although this is a state-by-state policy choice.
Technology has come leaps and bounds but has yet to be applied to so many realms. People with disabilities could especially use some attention in applying technology to their work and home lives to make things easier and more efficient.
Globally, we – governments, private sector, families, individuals – spend more than $5.6 trillion a year on education and training. Countries spend 5 percent of GDP on education or 20 percent of their national budget. Education employs about five percent of the labor force. Global average cost per child for full course of schooling, including pre-primary education is 5,806.6 USD.
Without neighborhood businesses and local hiring, community and household wealth cannot grow in a self-sustaining way and contribute to the overall population and household wealth. Historically, there is a lack of participation in traditional financial institutions in Black communities.